Marianas Andersones koncerts Rīgā 1935. gadā

Artis Inka

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1939. gadā slavenai Marianai Andersonei (mezosoprāns) aizliedza dziedāt apvienotai publikai Constitution Hall, kas atrodas Vašingtonā, DC. Constitution Hall piederēja Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR). Melnādainiem cilvēkiem bija jāsēž telpas aizmugurē un viņi nedrīkstēja izmantot labierīcības. 

Publika bija neapmierināta, slaveni mūzikanti protestēja, un pirmā lēdija Eleanora Roosevelte atkāpās no Daughters of the American Revolution. Roosevelte kopā ar citiem mudināja iekšlietu ministrim Haroldam Ickes Lieldienās rīkot brīvdabas koncertu uz Lincoln Memorial trepēm. 1939. gada 9. aprīlī Mariana Andersone dziedāja aizkustinošā koncertā, kuru klausījās 75,000 cilvēki klātienē un vēl miljoni pa rādio. 

Eiropas publika bija daudz vairāk pretīmnākoša Marianai Andersonei, kura pirmo reizi tur uzstājās 1933. gadā. 30to gadu vidū viņa turnēja Skandināvijā un Austrumeiropā. 1935. gada janvārī Mariana Andersone dziedāja Latvijas Nacionālajās operas izrādē, kuru apmeklēja Latvijas prezidents Alberts Kviesis un Izglītības ministrs Ludvigs Adamovičs.  

In 1939 famed mezzo-soprano Marian Anderson was refused permission to sing to an integrated audience at Constitution Hall in Washington, DC. The Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) owned the then segregated hall. Black patrons had to sit at the back of Constitution Hall and public bathrooms were not available to them. 

The public was outraged, famous musicians protested, and First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt resigned from the Daughters of the American Revolution. Roosevelt along with others encouraged Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes to arrange a free open-air concert on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial for Easter Sunday. On April 9, 1939 Marian Anderson sang before 75,000 people and millions of radio listeners in a much heralded and moving concert.

Marian Anderson received much better treatment in Europe, where she made her debut in 1933. In the mid 1930’s she toured extensively in Scandinavia and Eastern Europe. In January, 1935 she performed at the National Opera in Rīga, Latvia. Her well received concert was attended by Latvia’s President Alberts Kviesis and Minister of Education Ludvigs Adamovičs, among other dignitaries.

http://marianandersonhistoricalsociety.weebly.com/biography.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marian_Anderson
Latvijas Kareivis, Nr.21 (25.01.1935)

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